The profession of genetic counseling (also called genetic counselling in many countries) began nearly 50 years ago in the United States, and has grown internationally in the past 30 years. Or you may get it when you are planning or expecting a baby. Genetic counseling became important to assist patients making decisions about obtaining genetic testing or preventive measures. Genetic professionals work as members of health care teams providing information and support to individuals or families who have genetic disorders or may be at risk for inherited conditions. Advances in genetic science and biotechnology accumulated huge knowledge of genes and various genetic tests and diagnostic tools for healthcare providers including nurses. Genetic counseling is a small but growing profession that offers many career possibilities for scientists who want to help patients Background. Prenatal genetic counseling. What software or tools do you need? Method. Â© 2011 Published by Elsevier Ltd. Our goal was to give genetic counselling of couples with reproductive disorders in order to identify genetic causes for the granting of proper counselling and to provide necessary support to reduce the psychological impact of genetic diagnosis of infertility and for this one is necessary to a multidisciplinary approach. Genetic counseling deals with the “human problems associated with the occurrence, or the risk of occurrence, of a genetic disorder in the family” ().Genetic counseling is essentially a communication process—about medical facts, the contribution of heredity to certain conditions, the interpretation of test results, and the options available.
Genetic counseling is a small but growing profession that offers many career possibilities for scientists who want to help patients. The counseling may be for yourself or a family member. Genetic counseling provides information and support to people who have, or may be at risk for, genetic disorders. A genetic counselor meets with you to discuss genetic risks. Compare genetic counselling in different contexts and different countries; Reflect on some ethical issues that arise in genetic counselling; Discuss the role of genetic counselling in healthcare as we enter the ‘genomic era’. Currently, there are about 20 registered genetic counsellors practicing in the country. In South Africa, genetic counsellors work within academic institutions, in the private health sector and more recently, private genetic laboratories.
A genetic counselor must have a master of science degree and will usually have studied genetics, nursing, psychology, biology, social work and public health. Genetic Counselling is a developing field in South Africa. For pregnancy-related issues, there are two general types of genetic counseling sessions — those where parents or prospective parents are concerned about potential risks and outcomes of pregnancy, and those where patients are dealing with a specific fetal diagnosis during pregnancy ().Despite the vastly different nature of these sessions, their courses are similar. Genetic counselors provide information and counseling regarding the probability of the fetus inheriting a genetic disorder, the nature of the disorder and the possible difficulties that may arise if the child is born with the disorder. They were excluded if they referred solely to healthy population genome sequencing studies, sequencing in a research setting or direct to consumer or commercial genetic testing. Students searching for Genetic Counseling Jobs: Salaries, Duties and Requirements found the articles, information, and resources on this page helpful. Effective genetic counselling requires a knowledge of attachment behaviour and non-directiveness, and an in-depth understanding of empathy in order to help individuals contain anxiety and process grief and so facilitate their decision-making or help with the effects of reviewing a test result. Genetic professionals: Assess the risk of a genetic disorder by researching a family's history and evaluating medical records. You may follow up with genetic testing. Articles were included if they presented empiric data or detailed discussion on the practice of genetic counselling in health care settings.