jaundice review article

Jaundice, or icterus, is yellowish discoloration of the skin, mucous membranes, sclerae, and body fluids resulting from excess accumulation and deposition of bilirubin in the body in the presence of serum hyperbilirubinemia. Recognize the clinical manifestations of acute bilirubin encephalopathy and the permanent clinical sequelae of kernicterus. Bilirubin is a by-product of the daily natural breakdown and destruction of red blood cells in the body. Neonatal jaundice caused in new-borns is common and not fatal. Jaundice is a yellow discoloration of the skin, mucous membranes, and the whites of the eyes caused by increased amounts of bilirubin in the blood. Jaundice in the newborn Last revised in November 2015 Next planned review by December 2021. Jaundice Related Journals

Jaundice is a life-threatening disorder in the neonates. *Corresponding author’s Email: biswajit.batabyal@gmail.com

Blanching reveals the underlying colour.

2 Unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia is a normal physiologic event that occurs in approximately 60% of normal full-term infants and in 80% of preterm infants. More intense jaundice …
Some of the symptoms of jaundice include yellowing of the whites of the eyes or skin, rectal bleeding, dark urine, nausea, vomiting, weakness, weight loss, headache, and abdominal pain. *Department of Pediatrics, William Beaumont Hospital, Royal Oak, Mich After reviewing this article, readers should be able to: 1. M. Jeffrey Maisels, MB, BCh* 1. A healthy newborn may acquire jaundice because the liver has not fully matured. Summary. Review Article NEONATAL JAUNDICE - A REVIEW Biswajit Batabyal 1*, Sudipta Chakraborty2 1. Patient with 50 years - old with painless jaundice ( 13,5 ng/dl) , she presented a stopping at hepatic hylum diagnosed by both CT and Colangioresonance ( she was classified as Type 2 … Jaundice or hyperbilirubinemia in adults is caused by an underlying disease or condition.

This article was prepared at the invitation of the Clinical Sciences Reviews Committee of the Association for Clinical Biochemistry. Midland Diagnostic Lab, Belgharia, Kolkata, West Bengal, India.

In most infants, yellow colour is the only finding on physical examination. Thank you for your interest in spreading the word about The BMJ. 1.

Jaundice in Infants. Rev. Int. In this review, we will outline a diagnostic approach to jaundice, beginning with pathophysiology of cholestasis followed by hyperbilirubinemia and markers of synthetic dysfunction. A search was also done for Persian articles in … 2. We searched the databases of PubMed, Web of Sciences, Scopus and Google Scholar for English articles published since inception until May 2019. Neonatal jaundice first becomes visible in the face and forehead. In the present study, we aimed to assess systematically available evidence on causes and management of jaundice in Iranian newborn patients.

Understand the metabolism of bilirubin. Res., 44(2), May - June 2017; Article No.

To review the underlying pathophysiology and currently available treatments for pruritis associated with jaundice. 2. NOTE: We only request your email address so that the person you are recommending the page to knows that you wanted them to see it, and that it is not junk mail.
Describe the factors that place an infant at risk for developing severe hyperbilirubinemia.

3. J. Pharm. Gouridevi Institute of Medical Science, Durgapur, Burdwan, West Bengal, India. Sci.

Describe the physiologic mechanisms that result in neonatal jaundice. Jaundice is the result of accumulation of bilirubin in plasma, sometimes from overproduction from senescent erythrocytes but more usually through failure of the liver to remove it from plasma or excrete it into the intestine via the bile ducts.