risk factors for cervical cancer scholarly articles


In the present study, 73.9% mentioned early age at pregnancy as one of the risk factors for cervical cancer. To assess the prevalence and identified associated risk factors for precancerous cervical cancer lesions among HIV-infected women in resource-limited settings in Kenya. Among different types of HPV, HPV16 the major strain causing this cancer and is sexually transmitted had been unnoticed for decades.

Many of the risk factors for endometrial cancer affect estrogen levels.

It occurs most commonly in women over 30 years.

Objective . The accumulated data regarding possible risk factors for cervical cancer among HPV-infected women are derived mainly from case-control studies based on DNA testing to define controls (12, 13).

The aims of this study were to investigate the prevalence of cervical neoplasia and examine factors associated with high-grade cervical squamous intraepithelial lesions (HSIL) among women taking part in a cervical cancer screening program in Beijing.

Nganwai et al [ 7 ] in their study mentioned that 81.8 and 85.6% of respondents knew that first sexual intercourse at a young age and having multiple sexual partners were risk factors for cervical cancer. Change in knowledge of cervical cancer risk factors over time Respondents from 2007 had slightly higher incomes ( χ 2 (3)=9.36, P =0.025) and were less likely to be in ethnic minority groups ( …

Women without any of these risk factors rarely develop cervical cancer. We conducted the present analyses to see whether an alternative approach, the use of serologic testing for HPV in a … Out of 200 identified HPV types, 12 have been designated as carcinogenic by the International Agency for Research on Cancer, with HPV-16 accounting for 50% and HPV-18 accounting for 10% of cervical cancer cases, respectively. This study was conducted prior to the availability of any HPV test method . Learn about the causes, symptoms, and treatments. This study evaluated a series of 198 women referred with an abnormal cervical smear.
Human Papillomavirus (HPV) is the most common cause of cervical cancer. Results.

The available evidence indicates that the HPV-cervical cancer association satisfies all relevant causal criteria for public health action.
The objective of this study was to evaluate the risk factors associated with HPV positivity and with a diagnosis of cervical neoplasia in women referred with an abnormal cervical smear. 63% of participants believed that prolonged use of family planning pills and injections caused cervical cancer. Background: Cervical cancer imposes a huge global burden. By comparing the genomes of women infected with a high-risk type of human papillomavirus (HPV), researchers have found that a precise DNA sequence of a viral gene is associated with cervical cancer. To date, various studies have been conducted on the risk factors associated with cervical cancer.

Most participants (444/448) had heard about cervical cancer. Each year, more than half a million women are diagnosed with cervical cancer and the disease results in over 300 000 deaths worldwide.

TCGA study identifies genomic features of cervical cancer